Monday, December 26, 2022

Compensation for Flight Delays and Cancelations in Canada

Air Canada announced on Thursday it would implement a “goodwill refund policy” that allows customers to request a refund or travel voucher if they purchased a ticket no later than Dec. 21 for travel to or from a Canadian airport between Dec. 22 and Dec. 26.

However, many Canadians are left to wonder what their rights are in such situations.  In Canada, air passengers can be compensated for flight delays and cancellations under the Canadian Transportation Agency's Air Passenger Protection Regulations (APPR) - which are not easy to read and comprehend. 
Air Passenger Rights submitted a report to the House of Commons recommending an overhaul of the APPR, including simplifying the language and definitions within the regulations.  To make it less complicated, broke down what rights passengers have when a flight is delayed or canceled, including due to bad weather.

Situations Outside of the Airline's Control
Those reasons can include weather conditions, war or political instability, instructions from air traffic control, medical emergencies, a security threat, and other factors.

In the case of a cancellation, denial of boarding, or delay of three hours or more, airlines must provide passengers with alternate travel arrangements or a refund. If passengers opt for alternative travel arrangements, airlines must provide a seat on their next available flight or one operated by an airline with which they have a commercial agreement, within 48 hours of the original departure time.

If unable to deliver the passenger on its own network within 48 hours of the original departure time, then, in the case of large carriers such as Air Canada, WestJet, and Swoop, there are requirements under the law for passengers to buy tickets at another airline.

If the cause of the cancellation, delay, or denial of boarding is outside an airline's control, the airline is not legally obligated to cover the cost of food or lodging for affected passengers, nor offer any financial compensation.

If the Reason is Within the Airlines Control
In the case of a cancellation or a delay of two hours or more: If passengers are informed less than 12 hours before their departure time, airlines have to provide food and drink in "reasonable quantities" as well as a means of communication. Passengers who are denied boarding are entitled to these rights immediately. If passengers have to wait overnight for their flight, airlines have to offer hotel or other comparable accommodations free of charge, as well as free transportation to the accommodation.

Airlines must also provide alternate travel arrangements or refunds in the event of a cancellation or a delay of three hours or more.  If the cause of the disruption is within their control, though, they have less time – nine hours – to arrange alternate travel within their own network before they are required to book another airline's flight.

If a flight is canceled due to crew shortage, which is within the carrier's control, then they have to rebook you on flights of another airline if they cannot rebook you on their own network within nine hours.

Passengers informed of a cancelation or delay 14 days or less before their departure time, or who are denied boarding, are also entitled to financial compensation of up to $1,000.  The amount of this compensation depends on circumstances such as the length of the delay and the size of the airline. Passengers on flights to Europe or flights from the EU are even better off in terms of compensation...

Delays on the Tarmac?
Sometimes bad weather or air traffic issues will ground a plane on the tarmac with everyone on board for hours before takeoff or after landing.  Whether they are in the terminal or stuck on the tarmac, passengers are entitled to the same rights outlined above in the event of a delay or cancellation.

The airline also needs to provide passengers stuck on the tarmac with access to toilets, proper ventilation,  and cooling, the means to communicate with people outside the plane where feasible, and food and drink, "in reasonable quantities," taking into account the length of the delay.

Once a flight has sat on a tarmac for three hours, airlines are legally obligated to let passengers disembark.  The exception is that if takeoff is imminent, that window of time can be extended by an additional 45 minutes. 

More information:

For full details regarding these regulations see Canadian Transportation Agency Air Passenger Protection Regulations.

Canada Transportation Agency  

If we are not able to provide you with an adequate resolution, you may contact the Canada Transportation Agency at 1-888-222-2592


Monday, December 5, 2022

Successful Publishing: Newsletter December 2022


Hello Friends, 

Christmas is only three weeks away and another year is almost over… Get a lot of new ideas and encouragement for the next twelve months in this December Newsletter. Apply for one or more of the writing contests and fellowships listed here, or find freelance writing opportunities:

Content of this Newsletter:

Giller Prize

Writing Contests

Freelance Writing

- Fellowships

Writing in two languages, I need to use a grammar/spell-checking tool. Seeing these "16 Embarrassing Writing Mistakes to Avoid”, I feel, I am not alone.  While those errors make an excellent lesson for language learners, it’s often native English speakers who make them. Pretty embarrassing, or what do you think?



There are programs for visual artists, writers, musicians, and other creative media. Programs vary, but residencies are typically 2 to 4 weeks in length. Often artists are invited to participate in park programs by sharing their art with the public



Calgary-based novelist Suzette Mayr has recently won the 2022 Giller Prize, awarded annually to a Canadian author of a short story or novel in English, for her The Sleeping Car Porter. The story of a gay Black Canadian train porter on a cross-Canadian railway journey, the book was praised by the jury as bringing to life “believably, achingly, thrillingly – a whole world contained in a passenger train moving across the Canadian vastness, nearly 100 years ago.”


Thriller First Pages Contest

Entries for this contest will include a one- to two-sentence book summary followed by no more than 1,000 words from the beginning of your book. First prize $650, second prize $350, third prize $100. Fourth prize $100. 

The entry fee is $19 and includes a workshop where we announce the winners and offer teaching to all entrants on the genre by the contest judge.  Deadline Dec 15


Minotaur Books/Mystery Writers of America Best First Crime Novel 

Prize: $10,000.  Restrictions: The Competition is open to any writer, regardless of nationality, aged 18 or older, who has never been the author of any published novel (except that authors of self-published works only may enter, as long as the manuscript submitted is not the self-published work) and is not under contract with a publisher for publication of a novel. Genre: Murder or other serious crime or crimes is at the heart of the story.  Deadline: December 16


Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity

Any topic, provided it is related to the domain of ethics. We appeal to college students to send us essays. First Prize $10,000. Second Prize $5,000. Third Prize $3,000. 3,000 to 4,000 words.  Deadline Dec 30


Four Quartets Prize

The Four Quartets Prize is for a unified and complete sequence of poems published in the U.S. in a print or online journal, chapbook, or book.  The winner will receive an additional $20,000. Three finalists will receive $1,000 each. Fourteen pages of published poems unified by subject, form, and style is the minimum per submission. Sorry, self-published work is not eligible. Deadline Dec 31


Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards

Books must be written in English and published and copyrighted in 2022 to be eligible for the 2023 prize. Prize 10,000. Winners are required to participate in media interviews and publicity opportunities in conjunction with the prize. Self-published works (including works printed by vanity or subsidy presses) are not eligible for consideration. There are four awards: one for a work of fiction, one for poetry, one for nonfiction, and one for lifetime achievement.  Deadline Dec 31


Crime: First Chapters Competition

The winning Crime: First Prize: £1500. Second Prize: £300. Third Place: £100. Submit a 300-word One-Pager (plot synopsis) and the opening chapters of your Crime Thriller (5,000 words maximum). In 2022-2023, we are offering 50 Free Entry Bursaries across all our competitions to writers on low incomes, and from underrepresented groups.  £20 Entry Fee.  Deadline Dec 31


Orna Ross Green Stories Novel Prize

Our mission is to create a cultural body of work that entertains and informs about green solutions, inspires green behavior, and raises awareness of the necessary transformations toward a sustainable economy. Typically novels are 60,000 – 95,000 words. Submit 3 chapters (minimum of 4,000 words, maximum 10,000 words) as one document. Open to all adults (18+) of any nationality, as long as the submission is in English and has not been published elsewhere. Pays £1000 for the winner and £500 for the runner-up.  No Entry Fee.  Deadline Jan 3, 2023.


Memoir: First Chapters Competition

First Prize: £1500. Second Prize: £300. Third Place: £100. Memoirs can be in any style or form, but must be in English, and written for adults. Submit a 300-word One-Pager (summary of your Memoir), and the opening chapters of your Memoir (5,000 words maximum). You can apply for a bursary if low income, class, race, age, gender, sexuality, caring responsibilities, location, disability, or mental and physical health affects your writing.  £20 Entry Fee.  Deadline Jan 31



Daily Remedy

News articles run between 400 and 1,000 words. Pays is $1/word. 

All articles should be directed to the Editorial Features Editor at We prefer articles that editorialize on popular health topics using novel, nontraditional methods of analysis. Pitches should be brief, with a single paragraph explaining the story idea. We prefer articles that editorialize on popular health topics using novel, nontraditional methods of analysis. Features run between 2,000 and 2,500 words.


Better Homes & Gardens 

Looking for new, experienced freelance writers for upcoming evergreen commerce articles. Previous experience is required. Rates start at $600. Please email resumes and press clips to Brittany Romano, Senior Editor at


Air Quality News

Our editorial team investigates the problems associated with air pollution and reports on possible solutions, and we partner with the best solution providers to showcase the latest technologies & services to help tackle air quality. We're looking for environment-focused stories which could touch on the cost of living, transport, and health. Send me your ideas: For rates, we’re looking at around £200, but depends on word count.


The Food Section

The Food Section is actively seeking freelance contributors to add their voices to the newsletter’s mix, with a particular emphasis on reported stories that reflect the diversity of the South. We pay $1,000 for a feature story, which runs about 1,200 words. Just about every story has a food angle, but for The Food Section’s purposes, that story must unfold in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, the Carolinas, Tennessee, Virginia, or West Virginia (or the northernmost reaches of Florida).


LinkedIn/The Content Studio

The Content Studio is looking for a few freelance writers to work on a client project. The client is LinkedIn, and the project is a glossary of top-of-funnel, search-optimized articles focused on phrases like "cross-selling" and "lead generation." Articles will be ~2,000 words. There is an opportunity for a long-term contract. The Content Studio is paying $1,000 per piece, and writers will have detailed outlines to work from. Writers will also be able to put the LinkedIn logo in their portfolios. U.S citizens, to apply send your three best writing same to


Patrick Henry Writing Fellowship

Fellowship amount: $45,000 stipend. Nonfiction book in progress. The project should address the history and/or legacy – broadly defined – of the American Revolution and the nation’s founding ideas. It might focus on the founding era itself, or on the myriad ways the questions that preoccupied the nation’s founders have shaped America’s later history. Besides the stipend, are health benefits, faculty privileges, a book allowance, and a nine-month residency (during the academic year) in historic Chestertown, MD, included. Deadline: December 15


Cove Park Residencies

The Funded Residencies are aimed at those who urgently require the time, care, financial support, and facilities we offer to focus upon and develop their own professional practice. Cove Park is located on a 50-acre site overlooking Loch Long on Scotland’s west coast. The site benefits from both an outstanding rural location and proximity to Glasgow.  Deadline Dec 5


Outpost Residency

Outpost is a residency for creative writers of color from the U.S. and Latin America. Each September, two writers are awarded a $2,000 stipend as well as complimentary travel, lodging, and meals to spend a month cultivating a generative writing community in the mountains of Southern Vermont. In addition to the time spent in residence, Outpost Fellows will engage in organized interactions with the community of local universities and bookstores, allowing space to share their work and expand their networks.  Deadline Jan 15


Jack Hazard Fellowships 

Fiction, creative nonfiction, and memoir writers who teach full-time in an accredited high school in the U.S. are invited. $5,000 prize award that enables these creative writers who teach to focus on their writing for a summer.


The Good Hart Artist Residency 

They offer 10-21 day residency stays to visual artists, writers, and composers at any stage of their career. Each artist is housed in a private residence with a detached studio and provided with a $500 stipend, a kitchen stocked with basic foods, a few home-cooked meals from local hosts, and a quiet setting along the shores of Lake Michigan. Tucked into the woods along the "Tunnel of Trees," a Scenic Heritage Route, residents can walk into the village of Good Hart, enjoy Lake Michigan and the nearby sand dunes, and explore Northern Michigan's inland lakes and wetlands. The Good Hart Artist residency generally hosts one resident at a time, offering each artist the time, space, and quiet to focus and create.  Deadline January 11, 2023.


Artist Fellowships for Tennessee Citizens

Fellowships provide those individuals who by education, experience, or natural talent engage in a particular art form or discipline, and live and work in Tennessee. To qualify, an artist must be financially compensated for his or her work, and this compensation must be a significant source of support for their livelihood. The Commission anticipates that each fellowship recipient will be awarded $5,000.  Deadline January 23, 2023.


The Nine Dots Prize

The 2022/2023 prize question is "Why has the rule of law become so fragile?" The Nine Dots Prize is a prize for creative thinking that tackles contemporary societal issues. Entrants are asked to respond to a question in 3,000 words, with the winner receiving $100,000 to write a short book expanding on their ideas. The winner receives editorial support and their book published by Cambridge University Press, the opportunity to spend a term at the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (CRASSH) at Cambridge University, and $100,000 USD.  No entry fee. Deadline January 23, 2023.


For those who are writing as a freelancer, or those you pondering it, here are dozens of paying freelance jobs:

It’s this time of year when we look back and also forward to new horizons. But most important: to want to be thankful for all we have been given this past year.  Writing opportunities, a family and many friends, good health, and a joyful life - compared to most people in this world, who know only hunger, resentment, war, and death. We are really blessed! 




Sunday, November 27, 2022

Why is Road Salt Bad for the Environment?


As soon as it gets slippery in winter, some people still resort to salt when gritting the sidewalk - and harm nature and wildlife in the process. But there are environmentally friendly alternatives to the millions of tons of road salt that work just as well. 

Why is Road Salt so bad for the Environment?

In the short term, the advantages of road salt seem obvious; after all, it lowers the freezing point of water. It thus prevents ice formation and melts ice that has already formed. This makes roads and paths passable again in no time.

The Downside

Salt brought into nature in this way directly harms the environment. On the one hand, road salt damages plant growing along the roadside, and on the other hand, it seeps into the ground with meltwater, where it can accumulate in the soil for years. The resulting high salt content in the soil makes it harder for plants to absorb water and nutrients. In the long term, this leads to a lack of nutrients, crusted soil, diseases, and earlier death.

Damage to Plants and Animals

But it is not only plants that suffer from salt; this aggressive gritting agent is also harmful to animals. Dog paws, for example, are attacked by salt and can become inflamed. If the four-legged friends also lick their paws after a walk, the salt also gets into their stomachs. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are often the result.

In particularly bad cases, the ingestion of road salt can even lead to death in animals, because some salts contain ethylene glycol, an odorless, sweet-tasting substance that dogs like to lick up. Poisoning with this substance can cause severe kidney damage and, in the worst case, fatal kidney failure.

In addition to living creatures, road salt also harms materials that are actually considered robust: For example, when combined with moisture, the salt can develop corrosive properties that can lead to decomposition in cars and on buildings.

What are the Environmentally-Friendly Alternatives to Road Salt?

The best preventive measure to avoid unwanted slides is to quickly remove snow from the paths. So there's no getting around grabbing a snow shovel and shoveling snow. To make the cleared paths non-slip afterward,  however, road salt is not needed. In many municipalities, the private use of salt is now also prohibited and subject to a fine.

Sand and Limestone

Sand and limestone are among the environmentally friendly alternatives to road salt because they have a dulling effect. While they do not melt ice, they do increase grip on the ground, preventing slippage.

To apply sand or limestone granules, the snow should first be cleared aside with a snow shovel. Then you can generously apply the material to the ground because in this case, a lot helps a lot. In return, however, everything can be swept up and reused after use without any problems.

Similar to sand and limestone, lava granulate also has a blunting effect, so that the natural product can convince with immediate slip resistance. It should therefore not be missing in the winter supply store. Unlike road salt, lava granules are frost-resistant and do not dissolve. The porous structure also ensures that melt water is absorbed. Another advantage is that adjacent plants do not suffer any damage from the use of this gritting material. The same applies to the use of clay

Grit: Not Always Recommended

Grit also makes icy paths less slippery. Some of the grit offered may contain toxic substances. In addition, the production and disposal of grit cost a lot of energy, which does not go hand in hand with a sustainable eco-balance.




Tuesday, November 1, 2022

November Newsletter: Tips for Successful Publishing


Tips for Successful Publishing - Newsletter November 2022

by by 111Publishing and SavvyBookWriters

Content of this Newsletter:

- Get Your Book in Libraries

- Famous Writers Born in November

- Freelance Writing

- NaNoWriMo

- Writing Contests


Hello Friends,

One of the most lucrative writing contests of CAD 150,000 can be found here in this November Newsletter. Are you already working towards the goal of writing a 50,000-word novel from scratch until November 30? Don’t forget: Thanksgiving is in three weeks and Christmas is in seven weeks! 

How Smart Authors Get Their Books into Libraries

Do you want to get your books into libraries, but don’t know how to do it? 

Here is the background info from librarians – and which library suppliers and aggregators/book distributors are the best for author-publishers!


Famous Authors Born in November:

While delving into history, one is amazed that many of the world's finest writers were born in November. 

Albert Camus (Born – 7 November 1913)

Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Born – 11 November 1821)

George Eliot (Born – 22 November 1819)

Margaret Atwood (Born – 18 November 1939)

Mark Twain (Born – 30 November 1835)

Robert Louis Stevenson (Born – 13 November 1850)

Voltaire (Born – 21 November 1694)

William Shakespeare, born in the 17th century, wrote 38 plays, one of which seems always to be in a local playhouse. Anne Frank, whose diary told us how it felt to love while hiding in an attic from Nazi persecutors in the 1940s and JK Rowling, whose tales about teenage fantasy have sold more than 4 million copies, was also born in November.



Welcoming editorial submissions from freelance writers. They are looking for new, unpublished, first-person, non-fiction material that is for or about women. Essays, humor, satire, personal experience, and features on topics relating to women are our primary editorial focus. Articles should be no more than 500 to 1,000 words in length. Pays ten cents/word.


Landscape Architecture

Our audience primarily comprises landscape architecture professionals and students in the United States and abroad, with a fair number of city planners in the mix. We have an important secondary audience in allied professionals such as architects and engineers, but also decision-makers such as politicians and public officials, university or corporate heads, real estate developers, regulators, and a wide spectrum of people who collaborate with landscape architects, such as scientists (botanists, ecologists), geographers, horticulturists, construction specialists, and product manufacturers. We are interested in stories, not subjects. The more specific, the better. We are also taking pitches every day forever. We pay $350 for short pieces (under 500 words) and up to a $1/word for features.


Lake Superior Magazine

A bimonthly full-color consumer magazine that focuses exclusively on the Lake Superior region – history, current events, lifestyles, environment, and tourism. We pay on a per-piece basis, with magazine features generally paying $200 to $400. Top dollar is earned by a well-written and researched manuscript-photo package. The average feature runs 1,600 to 2,000 words.



Payment of $500 for all assignments and two-day payment by e-transfer. Projects that involve multimedia work such as photography or video will be similarly compensated at fair rates. We are currently building a catalog of evergreen (i.e., interesting outside the news cycle) content of 500-1000 words across five areas: News, Sports, Transit, Arts, and Fun. Our preference is for pitches between 500-750 words and up to 1,000 words at most. They pay fixed rates of $750 for reported stories.


"Writing a novel alone can be difficult, even for seasoned writers. NaNoWriMo helps you track your progress, set milestones, connect with other writers in a vast community, and participate in events that are designed to make sure you finish your novel. Oh, and best of all, it’s free! There are also forums where writers can talk about outlining, character development, and plot, and share their progress. NaNoWriMo acknowledges that writing is a solitary pursuit, that writing a novel, in particular, is daunting, and that having company along the way can be both inspiring and provide the necessary motivation."


Cafe Writers Poetry Competition

The maximum length for each poem is 40 lines excluding the title. The additional Norfolk Prize is awarded to a permanent Norfolk resident, for a poem not winning another prize. For poets on a low household income please send this as a separate entry in a separate email, to any other entries you might send. Attach the document of this poem to an email marked with your name and ‘Concession’ in the subject box. The first place award is £1000, second place £300, third place £200, five Commended Prizes of £50, and Norfolk Prize £100. £4 ENTRY FEE. Deadline Nov 14


Carol Shields Prize for Fiction

Books must be first edition English-language books written by a Canadian or American citizen or permanent resident of either country. Works written by women or non-binary authors are eligible for submission. Published novel, short story collection or graphic novel. Prize: $150,000 Canadian dollars! Deadline Nov 18


Servicecape Short Story Award

All submitted entries must be original, unpublished works of short fiction or nonfiction, up to 5,000 words in length. The winner of the contest will be awarded $1,000. 

No Entry Fee. Deadline Nov 30


Fish Short Story Prize

Word limit 5,000. The top ten stories will be published in the FISH ANTHOLOGY 2023. First place €3,000 plus a five-day Short Story Workshop at the West Cork Literary Festival. Second place is a week at Anam Cara Writers’ Retreat and €300. The third place is €300. Seven Honourable Mentions €200 each.

€20 Entry Fee. Deadline Nov 30


The Bodley Head -  Financial Times Essay Prize

The competition runs every year and is open to anyone between 18 and 35 years old. No more than 3,500 words in English. It can be journalistic, a case study, wide-ranging or minutely focused. In keeping with the ethos of both sponsors, it can address any topic — from finance and current affairs to history and scientific discovery. Enter your essay for a chance to be published and win £1,000. Pays £300 (three hundred pounds Sterling) to each runner-up. No Entry Fee.


Gabriele Rico Challenge for Nonfiction

Limit 5,000 words, awarding $1,333 to the author of the winning entry. Looking for creative  nonfiction, such as personal essays and narratives. All works should be stand-alone essays, not chapters of a longer work. $20 Entry fee. Deadline Dec 2.


Chicken Soup: Get out of your comfort Zone

Tell us your own stories about what you did to get out of your comfort zone and how that changed your life. Limit 1,200 words. First-person only. Pays $200 and ten copies.


The Alpine Fellowship Writing Prize

Awarded for the best piece of writing on the theme of the Alpine Fellowship 2023 - which will be announced soon. The winner will receive a £10,000 cash prize. A £3,000 cash prize will go to the second place and £2,000 to the third-place runner-up. The winner and two runners-up are invited to attend the symposium. Open to all nationalities and to anyone above 18. All genres are permitted. A maximum of 2,500 words per entry. 

Opens on January 1, 2023. No Entry Fee.


November is the countdown to introduce your books to reader communities at libraries, schools, or retirement home readings. Use D2D to get into the library market for free. Organize some giveaways, and, and, and… maybe write a rough draft of your next novel. November is a busy month for writers : ) But very rewarding - ENJOY

Don't forget: “Writer's block is a fancy term made up by whiners so they can have an excuse to drink alcohol.” 

~ Steve Martin quote